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US Air Force, Kitty Hawk complete first medevac evolution with electric plane

Kitty Hawk Heaviside eVTOL aircraft
Kitty Hawk demonstrates eVTOL aircraft Heaviside’s automated and remote flight capabilities. Photo: Kitty Hawk

The US Air Force’s AFWERX Agility Prime program worked with electric aircraft manufacturer Kitty Hawk last month to carry out a first operational exercise with the company’s Heaviside electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft.

In the program’s first exercise, a group of industry and government operators, engineers, and test professionals assessed the ability to do medical evacuation, personnel recovery, and logistics with Kitty Hawk’s Heaviside.

“This exercise produced important data that will bolster the program going forward,” said Lt. Col. Martin Salinas, the mission design team lead in the Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center (AFOTEC).

The multi-disciplinary team gathered a rich catalogue of data to inform dual-use utility at the prototype stage that will inform future developmental and fielding decisions. Besides assessing different loading scenarios, the team also observed demonstrations of remotely piloted and fully autonomous flights with Heaviside.

“The world is going to need new modes of transportation and Heaviside is one path to getting us there,” said Sebastian Thrun, Kitty Hawk CEO. “We are excited to be working with Agility Prime and look forward to our continued collaboration as we bring eVTOLs to more people.”

Q&A between Kitty Hawk’s flight team and testers from the Air Force and Marine Corps to explore Heaviside’s simplicity of maintenance and supportability. Photo: Kitty Hawk

Founded in 2010 and based in California, Kitty Hawk, has developed numerous eVTOL vehicles including the Heaviside vehicle, named after the English engineer, Oliver Heaviside.

Designed to be fast, small, quiet and green, the aircraft flies at up to 180 mph with a potential range of 100 miles plus reserves on a single charge, according to Kitty Hawk’s website. Heaviside takes off and lands in a 30×30 foot space, reaches sound levels of 38 dBA at 1,000 feet, is 100x quieter than a helicopter and requires less than half the energy per mile of a conventional electric car.

“The Agility Prime and Kitty Hawk teams facilitated the convergence of Air Force and Marine Corps testers and operators to engage with Heaviside, all while experimenting within the context of personnel recovery and logistics use-case scenarios,” Salinas said.

Salinas attributed the success of the California tests to the eagerness of those involved. “Pushing experimental tests in an operational context is challenging and exciting,” he said.

Col. Don Haley, Commander of Air Education and Training Command Detachment 62, who leads a team in developing training syllabi for these new electric aircraft, noted that, “this collaborative commercial/DoD use-case exploration revealed common attributes that serve both urban air mobility and search and rescue operations: High-reliability, responsive launch & recovery, minimal logistical footprint, accessibility for mobility-challenged, low acoustic signature, and high levels of autonomy.”

Col. Nathan Diller, AFWERX Director, said, “We are pleased to welcome a new partner and happy about the progress in this first Agility Prime exercise. This is just the beginning of many examples that the team will be exploring in the coming months to partner with commercial companies in a way that accelerates maturity for commercialization, while providing the Department of the Air Force with decision-quality data for future force design.”